On Nov. 17, the Treasury Department and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released the agency’s initial 2020-2021 Priority Guidance Plan (PGP), which will serve as a blueprint for forthcoming regulatory guidance from the agency between July 1 and June 30, 2021.
The 2020-2021 PGP contains 191 guidance projects, of which 57 items have already been released. Click here for a full copy of the plan.
With Republicans well-positioned to secure one or both of the Georgia Senate runoff elections in January 2021, control of Congress will likely be divided again next year. The parties’ opposing positions on tax policy make it unlikely that much tax legislation will advance through Congress. As a result, it is expected that once President-elect Joe Biden takes office and a new Treasury secretary is at the helm, the IRS and Treasury Department will play a central role in advancing Democratic tax priorities.
Below is an overview of the current 2020-2021 PGP.
Tax Cuts and Jobs Act
The PGP outlines the agency’s plan to finalize regulations related to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) (P.L.115-97), which was enacted in December 2017. Top IRS officials, including IRS Chief Counsel Michael Desmond, said earlier this year the IRS plans to finish all TCJA regulations before 2021. To accomplish this, the agency must complete the following outstanding items listed in the PGP:
- Final regulations under §162(m), as amended by section 13601 of the TCJA;
- Final regulations under §274 concerning qualified transportation fringes and other issues under §274;
- Final regulations under §529A on Qualified ABLE Programs, as added by section 102 of the ABLE Act of 2014, and as amended by section 11024 of the TCJA;
- Final regulations under §1031 concerning the definition of “real property”;
- Final regulations under §4960, as added by section 13602 of the TCJA; and
- Guidance on applying the state and local deduction cap under §164;
The incoming Biden administration could target many of the regulatory actions related to the TCJA, which passed with only Republican support. Democrats are expected to use regulatory tools at their disposal to further their agenda. They will likely revisit regulatory guidance released by the Treasury Department and IRS on various TCJA provisions, including global intangible low-taxed income (GILTI), opportunity zones and the state and local tax (SALT) deduction.
If Congress passes another COVID-19 relief package, guidance on tax provisions will take precedence over any revisions to the TCJA.
Taxpayer First Act
The PGP also contains provisions under the Taxpayer First Act (P.L.116-025), which was enacted in July 2019. Below are the specific focus areas listed by the agency:
- Final regulations under §6402(n) related to misdirected tax refund deposits.
- Guidance updating electronic filing requirements for exempt organizations and employee plans;
- Proposed regulations under §6311 regarding payment of taxes by debit and credit cards;
- Proposed regulations regarding the Independent Office of Appeals; and
- Proposed regulations under §6011;
- Obsolete Revenue Ruling 2004-53 in accordance with the Taxpayer First Act.
Unlike the TCJA, the Taxpayer First Act passed with overwhelming bipartisan support. As such, the Biden IRS is much less likely to reverse or alter the decisions related to this bill relative to the TCJA.
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